Yoram (Jerry) Wind

We often fail to make a distinction about two kinds of learning. The first kind of learning, which is far more common and more easily achieved, is to deepen our knowledge within an existing mental model or discipline. The second kind of learning is focused on new mental models and on shifting from one to another. It is does not deepen knowledge in a specific … [ Read more ]

Ian Mitroff

We haven’t done a good job of teaching critical thinking and creative problem-solving. People find critical thinking difficult because it’s a radical switch from their 20 years of education in solving well-structured problems. We’ve produced a nation of certainty junkies, where if you can’t define a problem with precision and certainty, people go crazy. Well, welcome to the real world. The game has changed. Problems … [ Read more ]

Reinhard Selten

It can be proved through experiments that people are not conscious of the reasons why they make a decision…People do not know what has influenced their decision and often invent reasons for their choice afterward. Only a small part of decision making reaches the conscious mind, while most decision making, just as most thinking, is below this threshold of consciousness. You know what you are … [ Read more ]

Ray Kurzweil

I think that most of our intelligence is based on pattern recognition. Human thinking is actually not very good at logical and analytical thinking. We are very good at recognizing patterns.

Malcolm Gladwell

If everyone has to think outside the box, maybe it is the box that needs fixing.

Albert Einstein

A theory is the more impressive the greater the simplicity of its premises, the more different kinds of things it relates, and the more extended its area of applicability.

Joan L. Bragar

Business managers are trained for action and speed – hence the “ready, fire, aim” mentality now prevalent in so many organizations. Far too often, thinking is seen as a luxury, and collective thinking as an aberration. The link between shared understanding and effective collective action is not widely understood or recognized. Under these circumstances, asking managers to accelerate shared learning is asking them to unlearn … [ Read more ]

Professor Emil Homerin (University of Rochester)

The real work of critical inquiry is to examine what we think we know in order to learn about what we do not know. We must question our givens and opinions. For it is far easier to label than to understand, and intellectual laziness undermines our studies with the deadly inversion of the scientific method: “I’ll believe it when I see it!” becomes “I’ll see … [ Read more ]

Everett Dirksen

Stronger than all the armies on earth is an idea whose time has come.

Professor W. Sorbeck (Chip Kidd)

Never fall in love with an idea. They’re whores: If the one you’re with isn’t doing the job, there’s always, always, always another.

Dee Hock

When it becomes necessary to develop a new perception of things, a new internal model of reality, the problem is never to get new ideas in, the problem is to get the old ideas out. Every mind is full of old furniture. It’s familiar. It’s comfortable. We hate to throw it out. The old maxim, so often applied to the physical world, “Nature abhors a … [ Read more ]

Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.

The mind, once expanded to the dimensions of larger ideas, never returns to its original size.

F. Scott Fitzgerald

… the test of a first class mind is the ability to hold two opposing views in the head at the same time and still retain the ability to function.

George Bernard Shaw

People hate thinking–they do almost anything to avoid it. I have created an international reputation for myself by doing it once or twice a week.

Bertrand Russell

Men fear thought as they fear nothing else on earth – more than ruin – more even than death. Thought is subversive and revolutionary, destructive and terrible, thought is merciless to privilege, established institutions, and comfortable habit. Thought looks into the pit of hell and is not afraid. Thought is great and swift and free, the light of the world, and the chief glory of … [ Read more ]