Most executives concede that culture can do a great deal to enable (or disable) an organization’s ability to change or to embrace new ideas and technologies. But when asked what can be done to enhance a culture’s positive effects (or diminish negative effects), they either shrug or offer a complicated explanation ending with the caveat that “it takes a long time.” But culture doesn’t have to be that mysterious. Through original research, Accenture has clarified the relationship between culture and action by tracing the pathway from organizational values to managerial mindsets to specific practices to business results. That pathway constitutes an organization’s performance anatomy. This research report explains this pathway for leaders who need to manage organizational culture.