Are cultural differences in Europe on the decline?

The EBF site is dead. If you click through you will be taken to the Internet Archive site to find an archived copy.

Don’t let the title fool you – this is an excellent article for those who are not even especially interested in Europe. That is because it offers a good overview of the work of Professor Geert Hofstede, who between 1967 and 1973 surveyed over 100,000 IBM employees in 49 different countries about their preferences in terms of work-related values. The result was a number of seminal works on cultural values and differences published during the 1980s and 1990s. Here the authors specifically review Hofstede’s four basic dimensions:
1. Power Distance
2. Uncertainty Avoidance
3. Individualism-Collectivism
4. Masculinity-Femininity

If you are not familiar with this work already, read this article.

Editor’s Note: see the EBF follow-up with a new critique of Hofstede’s methodology from Professor Brendan McSweeney and a personal commentary from Professor Mikael Søndergaard at:
Odd Nordhaug, Paul Gooderham
Source: “European Business Forum (EBF)”
Subjects: International – Europe, Management

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